ๅผตๅพน | CHANG Cheh
 Introduction

Film is an art form that came from the West but Chinese film should have a Chinese tradition and Hong Kong is a confluence of these factors. Of course, survival of the Chinese tradition would not depend on Hong Kong film, but those who are best in using the Chinese tradition are the relatively modernized Hong Kong filmmakers, such as King Hu, Li Han-hsiang, myself, Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan and Sammo Hung. That’s because tradition needs to integrate with modernity. In the past 30 years or so, Hong Kong filmmakers had developed capabilities that are equal to foreigners. This is very helpful for China’s modernization. For the future of Chinese cinema (referring to both sides of the Strait), the accomplishment of Hong Kong film in the past 30 years should not be neglected. Without Hong Kong films, Mainland Chinese cinema would have to repeat the integration of tradition and modernity that Hong Kong had experienced.

-- From Chang Cheh, Looking Back at Thirty Years of Hong Kong Film, Joint Publishing, 1989, p. 149-150 (translated).

 Biography

Born in 1924 in Hangzhou, China, Chang Cheh attended university during WWII in Chongqing, where he was involved in theater. Returning to Shanghai after the war, he worked as a scriptwriter. In 1948, he was sent to Taiwan as co-director of Storm Over Ali Shan (1950) and wrote the theme song for the film, a huge hit that went on to become a folk song of perennial popularity. He remained in Taiwan after the Communist revolution in China, working for the Nationalist government while remaining active in theater and scriptwriting.

Chang was invited to Hong Kong in 1957 by actress Li Mei to script and co-direct her film Wild Fires (1958), after which he stayed, writing novels and film reviews. He joined MP&GI in 1961 as a scriptwriter, later switching to Shaw Brothers. There, he was able to again direct and his first works Tiger Boy (1966) and Magnificent Trio (1966) quickly established a new direction for the martial arts genre. He followed with One Armed Swordsman (1967), which became a huge hit and vitalized the largely womenoriented and slow-paced Mandarin cinema. Highly efficient and prolific, he turned out a series of mostly popular martial arts films in the 1960s and 1970s, forging an influential and enduring redefinition of Hong Kong action films. Ushering in a new era of youth and masculinity, he discovered and groomed a whole generation new stars, among them Jimmy Wang Yu, Lo Lieh, Ti Lung, John Chiang, Alexander Fu Sheng, Danny Lee, Chan Koon-tai, Leung Ka-yan. Chang also mentored a new generation of young directors and martial arts choreographers who went on to local and international fame, including John Woo, Lau Karleung, Kuei Chih-hung and Wu Ma.

With Shaws’s support, he formed Chang’s Co. in 1974, producing films in Taiwan. Continuing to direct upon returning to Hong Kong in 1976, he made a series of adaptations of author Louis Cha’s novels. Chang was also among the first Hong Kong filmmakers to make films in China, starting with the 1986 effort Great Shanghai 1937.

Chang was honored by the Hong Kong Film Directors’ Guild in 1992 and given the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Hong Kong Film Awards in 2002. He passed away in 2002 at age 78.

 Filmography
Year Chinese name English name Directors
1993 ใ€Š็ฅž้€šใ€‹
Ninja in the Ancient China
1991 ใ€Š่ฅฟ่กŒๅนณๅฆ–ใ€‹
Journey to the West
1990 ใ€Š่ฅฟๅฎ‰ๆฎบๆˆฎใ€‹
The Slaughter in Xian
1990 ใ€ŠๆฑŸๆน–ๅฅ‡ๅ…ตใ€‹
Hidden Hero
1988 ใ€Š้ŽๆฑŸใ€‹
Across The River
1986 ใ€ŠๅคงไธŠๆตท1937ใ€‹
Great Shanghai 1937
1984 ใ€Šไนๅญๅคฉ้ญ”ใ€‹
The Nine Demons
1984 ใ€Šๆ“‚ๅฐใ€‹
Death Ring
1984 ใ€Š้œน้‚ๆƒ…ใ€‹
The Dancing Warrior
1983 ใ€Š็ฅž้€š่ก“่ˆ‡ๅฐ้œธ็Ž‹ใ€‹
The Weird Man
1983 ใ€ŠไธŠๆตท็˜ๅไธ‰ๅคชไฟใ€‹
Shanghai 13
1983 ใ€Šๆ’ž้ฌผใ€‹
The Ghost
1982 ใ€Šๆฒ–้œ„ๆจ“ใ€‹
House Of Traps
1982 ใ€Š็ฅž้ตฐไฟ ไพถใ€‹
The Brave Archer and His Mate
1982 ใ€Šไบ”้ๅฟ่ก“ใ€‹
Five Element Ninjas
1982 ใ€Šไฟ ๅฎข่กŒใ€‹
Ode To Gallantry
1981 ใ€Š็ขง่ก€ๅŠใ€‹
The Sword Stained With Royal Blood
1981 ใ€Šๅ‰ๆ‰‹ใ€‹
Masked Avengers
1981 ใ€Šๅฐ„้ตฐ่‹ฑ้›„ๅ‚ณ็ฌฌไธ‰้›†ใ€‹
The Brave Archer Part III
1980 ใ€Š็ฌฌไธ‰้กžๆ‰“้ฌฅใ€‹
Heaven and Hell LAU Kar Leung
1980 ใ€Šๅฐ‘ๆž—่ˆ‡ๆญฆ็•ถใ€‹
Two Champions Of Shaolin
1980 ใ€Š้ตๆ——้–€ใ€‹
The Flag of Iron
1980 ใ€Šๅคงๆฎบๅ››ๆ–นใ€‹
The Rebel Intruders
1980 ใ€Š้ฃ›็‹ๅค–ๅ‚ณใ€‹
Legend Of The Fox
1980 ใ€Šๅปฃๆฑๅ่™Ž่ˆ‡ๅพŒไบ”่™Žใ€‹
Ten Tigers of Kwantung
1979 ใ€Š็”Ÿๆญป้–€ใ€‹
Life Gamble
1979 ใ€Š่ก—ๅธ‚่‹ฑ้›„ใ€‹
Shaolin Rescuers
1979 ใ€Š้›œๆŠ€ไบกๅ‘ฝ้šŠใ€‹
The Daredevils
1979 ใ€Š่ณฃๅ‘ฝๅฐๅญใ€‹
The Magnificent Ruffians
1979 ใ€Š้‡‘่‡‚็ซฅใ€‹
The Kid With The Golden Arm
1978 ใ€Šๅฐ„้ตฐ่‹ฑ้›„ๅ‚ณ็บŒ้›†ใ€‹
The Brave Archer 2
1978 ใ€Šไบ”ๆฏ’ใ€‹
The Five Venoms
1978 ใ€Šๅ—ๅฐ‘ๆž—่ˆ‡ๅŒ—ๅฐ‘ๆž—ใ€‹
Invincible Shaolin
1978 ใ€Šๆฎ˜็ผบใ€‹
Crippled Avengers
1977 ใ€Šๆตท่ป็ชๆ“Š้šŠใ€‹
The Naval Commandos PAO Hsueh Li WU Ma
1977 ใ€Šๅฐ„้ตฐ่‹ฑ้›„ๅ‚ณใ€‹
The Brave Archer
1977 ใ€Šๅ”ไบบ่ก—ๅฐๅญใ€‹
Chinatown Kid
1976 ใ€Šๅ…ซ้“ๆจ“ๅญใ€‹
Seven Man Army WU Ma
1976 ใ€Šๆ–นไธ–็Ž‰่ˆ‡่ƒกๆƒ ไนพใ€‹
The Shaolin Avengers WU Ma
1976 ใ€Š่”กๆŽไฝ›ๅฐๅญใ€‹
New Shaolin Boxers WU Ma
1976 ใ€ŠๆฑŸๆน–ๆผขๅญใ€‹
Magnificent Wanderers WU Ma
1976 ใ€Šๅฐ‘ๆž—ๅฏบใ€‹
Shaolin Temple WU Ma
1975 ใ€Š็ฅžๆ‹ณไธ‰ๅฃฏๅฃซใ€‹
Boxer Rebellion
1975 ใ€Š็ด…ๅญฉๅ…’ใ€‹
The Fantastic Magic Baby
1975 ใ€Šๆดชๆ‹ณๅฐๅญใ€‹
Disciples of Shaolin
1975 ใ€Š้ฆฌๅ“ฅๆณข็พ…ใ€‹
Marco Polo
1974 ใ€Šๆ–นไธ–็Ž‰่ˆ‡ๆดช็†™ๅฎ˜ใ€‹
Heroes Two
1974 ใ€Šไบ”่™Žๅฐ‡ใ€‹
The Savage Five
1974 ใ€Šๅฐ‘ๆž—ๅญๅผŸใ€‹
Men from Monastery
1974 ใ€Š้€ƒไบกใ€‹
The Bloody Escape SUEN Chung
1974 ใ€Šๆœ‹ๅ‹ใ€‹
Friends
1974 ใ€Šๆดชๆ‹ณ่ˆ‡่ฉ ๆ˜ฅใ€‹
Shaolin Martial Arts
1974 ใ€Šๅ“ชๅ’ใ€‹
Na Cha the Great
1974 ใ€Šๅฐ‘ๆž—ไบ”็ฅ–ใ€‹
Five Shaolin Masters
1973 ใ€Šๆ†คๆ€’้’ๅนดใ€‹
The Delinquent KUEI Chih Hung
1973 ใ€Šๅˆบ้ฆฌใ€‹
The Blood Brothers
1973 ใ€Šๅ›้€†ใ€‹
The Generation Gap
1973 ใ€Š่ญฆๅฏŸใ€‹
Police Force
1973 ใ€Šๅคงๆตท็›œใ€‹
The Pirate PAO Hsueh Li WU Ma
1973 ใ€Šๅคงๅˆ€็Ž‹ไบ”ใ€‹
Iron Bodyguard PAO Hsueh Li
1973 ใ€Š่•ฉๅฏ‡่ชŒใ€‹
All Men are Brothers WU Ma
1972 ใ€Š้ฆฌๆฐธ่ฒžใ€‹
The Boxer from Shantung PAO Hsueh Li
1972 ใ€Šๆƒกๅฎขใ€‹
The Angry Guest
1972 ใ€Šๆฐดๆปธๅ‚ณใ€‹
The Water Margin PAO Hsueh Li WU Ma
1972 ใ€Š็พค่‹ฑๆœƒใ€‹
Trilogy of Swordsmanship CHENG Kang
1972 ใ€Šๅนด่ผ•ไบบใ€‹
Young People
1972 ใ€Šๅฟซๆดปๆž—ใ€‹
Delightful Forest PAO Hsueh Li
1972 ใ€Šๅ››้จŽๅฃซใ€‹
Four Riders
1972 ใ€Šไป‡้€ฃ็’ฐใ€‹
Warrior of Steel PAO Hsueh Li
1971 ใ€Š้ทน็Ž‹ใ€‹
King Eagle
1971 ใ€Šๆ–ฐ็จ่‡‚ๅˆ€ใ€‹
The New One-armed Swordsman
1971 ใ€Šๅคงๆฑบ้ฌฅใ€‹
The Duel
1971 ใ€Š็„กๅ่‹ฑ้›„ใ€‹
The Anonymous Heroes
1971 ใ€Šๆ‹ณๆ“Šใ€‹
Duel of Fists
1971 ใ€Š้›™ไฟ ใ€‹
The Deadly Duo
1970 ใ€Š้Šไฟ ๅ…’ใ€‹
Wandering Swordsman
1970 ใ€Šๅ ฑไป‡ใ€‹
Vengeance
1970 ใ€Šๅไธ‰ๅคชไฟใ€‹
The Heroic Ones
1970 ใ€Šๅฐ็…žๆ˜Ÿใ€‹
The Singing Killer
1969 ใ€Šๅคง็›œๆญŒ็Ž‹ใ€‹
The Singing Thief
1969 ใ€Š้ฃ›ๅˆ€ๆ‰‹ใ€‹
The Flying Dagger
1969 ใ€Š็จ่‡‚ๅˆ€็Ž‹ใ€‹
Return of the One-Armed Swordsman
1969 ใ€Š้ตๆ‰‹็„กๆƒ…ใ€‹
The Invincible Fist
1969 ใ€Šๆญป่ง’ใ€‹
Dead End
1969 ใ€Šไฟ้ขใ€‹
Have Sword, Will Travel
1968 ใ€Š้‡‘็‡•ๅญใ€‹
Golden Swallow
1967 ใ€Šๆ–ท่…ธๅŠใ€‹
The Trail of the Broken Blade
1967 ใ€Š็จ่‡‚ๅˆ€ใ€‹
One Armed Swordsman
1967 ใ€Šๅคงๅˆบๅฎขใ€‹
The Assassin
1966 ใ€Š่™Žไฟ ๆฎฒไป‡ใ€‹
Tiger Boy
1966 ใ€Š้‚ŠๅŸŽไธ‰ไฟ ใ€‹
Magnificent Trio
1965 ใ€Š่ด่ถ็›ƒใ€‹
The Butterfly Chalice
1958 ใ€Š้‡Ž็ซใ€‹
Wild Fires
1950 ใ€Š้˜ฟ้‡Œๅฑฑ้ขจ้›ฒใ€‹
Storm Over Ai Li Shan