張曾澤 | CHANG Tseng Chai
 Introduction

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 Biography

Chang Tseng-chai was born in 1931 in Shandong, China. He left home for Qingdao at age 13 and moved with the army to Taiwan at 19. After graduating from the N.D.U. Fu Hsing Kang College, he worked in a military theater troupe, winning the Best Director award in a drama competition. He later joined China Movie Studio, a film company with military ties, and worked there for 13 years, acting as editor, continuity person and assistant director, editing more than 200 films and the shooting over 20 short pieces and documentaries .

Looking for an opportunity to direct, he served without credit as executive director on a Taiwanese dialect film. Witnessing the commercial and critical success of the film, he became more determined to sit on the helmer’s chair. Chang finally got his chance with Virgin Girl (1961), another Taiwanese film. After three more dialect projects, he made his first Mandarin film, Mu Ye En Chou (in pinyin, English title unavailable, 1964). The film caught the eye of Hong Kong director Li Han-hsiang, who had moved to Taiwan to establish Grand Motion Picture. Li hired Chang to direct Dodder Flower (1965), adapted from a romance novel by best-selling author Chiung Yao, its success further consolidating Chang’s reputation. When Chang’s next project Hometown Plunders (1966), made for China Movie Studio, was honored with a special prize at the Golden Horse Awards, he became such a hot property that Hong Kong’s Cathay Studio engaged to shoot the martial arts film From the Highway (1969) in Taiwan. The film won Best Director at the Golden Horse Awards and went on to enjoy renown as a classic in the martial arts genre.

Chang formed his own production company in 1971, making Red Beard (1971), which, although not as well received as his previous films, was his personal favorite. In 1972, he was recruited to Hong Kong by Shaw Brothers, making several films in a span of two years. Two of those works were banned in Taiwan, Sex For Sale (1974) for its homosexual topic and Queen Hustler (1975) because of its revenge plot.

Leaving Shaws, Chang again formed his own company, making Bar Girl (1975), a social-realist portrait of women in a disreputable trade. He was then invited back to Taiwan by the governmentrun Central Motion Picture to make Heroes of the Eastern Skies (1977), the island’s first ever air-battle film and winner of Best Film, Best Director and four other prizes at the Golden Horse Awards.

After directing several films in the late 1970s and early 1980s, Chang switched his focus onto television production, making drama series and winning several prizes for his work. He moved with his family to California in the 1990s and published a memoir in 2005, before passing away in 2010 of heart problems.

 Filmography
Year Chinese name English name Directors
1981 《天降神兵》
Heroes from the Sky
1981 《老虎部隊寶貝兵》
Lao Hu Bu Dui Bao Bei Bing
1980 《古寧頭大戰》
The Battle of Ku-Ning-Tou
1979 《祝老三笑譚》
The Perils of Chu Lao-san
1978 《百戰保山河》
Immortal Warriors CHENG Kang LO Wei WONG Sing Loy KUO Joseph
1978 《俠士追命客》
Deadly Confrontation
1977 《筧橋英烈傳》
Heroes of the Eastern Skies
1975 《大老千》
Queen Hustler
1975 《酒吧女郎》
Bar Girl
1975 《惡霸》
Gambling Syndicate
1974 《面具》
Sex for Sale
1973 《江湖行》
River of Fury
1973 《虎穴殲霸》
Hu Xue Zhan Ba
1972 《吉祥賭坊》
The Casino
1972 《亡命徒》
The Fugitive
1971 《紅鬍子》
Red Beard
1970 《路客與刀客》
From the Highway
1969 《藍色的夢》
Blues in the Dream
1968 《珊瑚》
Coral Forever
1967 《悲歡歲月》
Bei Huan Sui Yue
1966 《故鄉劫》
Hometown Plunders
1966 《橋》
The Bridge
1965 《菟絲花》
Dodder Flower
1964 《牧野恩仇》
Mu Ye En Chou
1963 《驚某大丈夫》
Jing Mou Da Zhang Fu
1962 《孤女的願望續集難忘的人》
Wishes of an Orphan Girl 2
1961 《在室女》
Virgin Girl
1961 《孤女的願望》
Wishes of an Orphan Girl