徐文光 | TSUI Hark
 Introduction

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 Biography

Tsui Hark was born in Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) in Vietnam. He started making films on 8mm cameras at the age of 13. He immigrated to Hong Kong in 1966 and after completing secondary school, went to the U.S. to attend Southern Methodist University in Texas, only to drop out after one year to travel around the United States. He later enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin in their film program. Upon graduation, Tsui worked as an editor for a Chinese newspaper in New York City’s Chinatown, at the same time organizing a community theatre group and working with local cable television. In 1976, he collaborated with Christine Choy on a 45-minute documentary dealing with the Chinese-American community, From Spikes to Spindles.

Upon his return to Hong Kong, Tsui joined TVB as a director, and was involved in various series including A House Is Not A Home, Little People and Tycoon. He then directed Gold Dagger Romance for Commercial Television.

Tsui made his feature film debut in 1979 with The Butterfly Murders, which was followed in quick succession by We’re Going to Eat You (1980), Dangerous Encounter-1st Kind (1980), All the Wrong Clues (1981) and Aces Go Places-Our Man from Bond Street (1984). In 1983, he attempted a big-budget sci-fi martial arts film, Zu: The Warriors from the Magic Mountain, which incorporated the latest special effects technology from the United States. He formed the Film Workshop Co., Ltd. in 1984 with his wife and producing partner Nansun Shi, which produced a slew of films with Tsui as director, including Shanghai Blues (1985), Working Class (1985), Peking Opera Blues (1986), A Better Tomorrow III (1989) and Swordsman (1990). The company also produced A Better Tomorrow (1986) directed by John Woo and A Chinese Ghost Story, directed by Tony Ching Siu-tung, both of which transformed their respective genres.

Tsui’s 1991 work Once Upon a Time in China successfullyreinvented the heroic image of Wong Fei-hung, at the same time taking the martial arts genre to new heights. The film earned him the Best Director Award at the Hong Kong Film Awards and he went on to make several sequels, all of which commercial and critical successes.

Tsui was equally adept at tackling romantic subjects, as evidenced in the mythical Green Snake (1993), the drama The Lovers (1994) and the romantic comedy Love in the Time of Twilight (1995).

In 1997, Tsui went to work in Hollywood, directing Jean-Claude Van Demme in Double Team (1997) and Knock Off (1998), neither of which big hits.

In 2001, Tsui remade his own classic Zu: Warriors of the magic Mountain as The Legend of Zu, which was the first Hong Kong film to feature extensive CGI effects.

From 2005 onwards, Tsui kept exploring various genres, including the martial arts epic Seven Swords (2005), the comedy All About Women (2008), the suspense drama Missing (2009), and the detective mystery Detective Dee and the Mystery of the Phantom Flame (2010) and Young Detective Dee:Rise of the Sea Dragon (2013) as well as the first 3-D martial arts film ever made, Flying Swords of Dragon Gate (2011). Tsui won his second Best Director award at the Hong Kong Film Awards in 2011 for Detective Dee.

In addition to writing, directing and producing, Tsui had also appeared in front of the camera on numerous films including Yes, Madam (1984), Working Class (1985) and Final Victory (1987). He was nominated for the Supporting Actor at the 1988 Hong Kong Film Awards for his performance in Final Victory.

 Filmography
Year Chinese name English name Directors
2013 《狄仁傑之神都龍王》
Young Detective Dee:Rise of the Sea Dragon
2011 《龍門飛甲》
Flying Swords of Dragon Gate
2010 《狄仁傑之通天帝國》
Detective Dee and the Mystery of the Phantom Flame
2008 《女人不壞》
All About Women
2008 《深海尋人》
Missing
2007 《鐵三角》
Triangle LAM Ringo TO Johnnie
2005 《鐵三角》
Triangle LAM Ringo TO Johnnie
2005 《七劍》
Seven Swords
2003 《1:99 電影行動》
1:99 CHEUNG Mabel LAW Alex CHAN Gordon CHEN Teddy LAU Andrew CHAN Peter MA Joe CHOW Sing Chi Stephen CHAN Fruit MAK Shiu Fai Alan LAM Dante
2002 《黑俠II》
Black Mask II
2001 《蜀山傳》
The Legend of Zu
2000 《順流逆流》
Time and Tide
1998 《KO 雷霆一擊》
Knock Off
1997 《反擊王》
Double Team
1996 《大三元》
Tri-Star
1995 《金玉滿堂》
The Chinese Feast
1995 《花月佳期》
Love in the Time of Twilight
1995 《刀》
The Blade
1994 《梁祝》
The Lovers
1994 《黃飛鴻之五龍城殲霸》
Once Upon a Time in China V
1993 《青蛇》
Green Snake
1993 《黃飛鴻之三獅王爭霸》
Once Upon a Time in China III
1992 《雙龍會》
The Twin Dragons LAM Ringo
1992 《黃飛鴻之二男兒當自強》
Once Upon a Time in China II
1992 《黃飛鴻92 之龍行天下》
The Master
1992 《棋王》
King of Chess YIM Ho
1991 《豪門夜宴》
The Banquet KO Chi Sum Clifton CHEUNG Kin Ting Alfred CHEUNG Tung Joe
1991 《財叔之橫掃千軍》
The Raid CHING Siu Tung Tony
1991 《黃飛鴻》
Once Upon a Time in China
1989 《英雄本色Ⅲ夕陽之歌》
A Better Tomorrow III
1986 《刀馬旦》
Peking Opera Blues
1985 《上海之夜》
Shanghai Blues
1985 《打工皇帝》
Working Class
1984 《最佳拍檔女皇密令》
Aces Go Places - Our Man from Bond Street
1983 《新蜀山劍俠》
Zu: The Warriors from the Magic Mountain
1981 《鬼馬智多星》
All the Wrong Clues
1980 《地獄無門》
We're Going to Eat You
1980 《第一類型危險》
Dangerous Encounter - 1st Kind
1979 《蝶變》
The Butterfly Murders